Species of Moraea are unusual in the family in having channelled leaves with a distinct upper and lower surface. These species typically have red to orange, trumpet-like flowers that secrete large amounts of nectar. Introduction This is a large family of deciduous or evergreen perennials, many with brightly coloured flowers, which is well represented in South Africa. Subfamily Nivenioideae contains six genera from South Africa, Australia and Madagascar, including the only true shrubs in the family Klattia, Nivenia and Witsenia as well as the only myco-heterotroph Geosiris. Click here.
This results in the characteristic fan-like arrangement found in genera like Iris. Species of Moraea are unusual in the family in having channelled leaves with a distinct upper Iridaceae are best represented in southern Africa, especially the. Iridaceae is a family of plants in order Asparagales, taking its name from the irises, meaning Subfamily Nivenioideae contains six genera from South Africa, Australia and Madagascar, including the only true shrubs in the family (Klattia.
Video: South african iridaceae family characteristics Two Iris family members - Iridaceae brief description
Iridaceae, the iris family of flowering plants, belonging to the order Liliales. is nearly worldwide in distribution, but it is most abundant and diversified in Africa.
This is a large family of deciduous or evergreen perennials, many with brightly coloured flowers, which is well represented in South Africa.
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Iridaceae Iris Family. Identify plants and flowers.
Most species are pollinated by various species of solitary bees but many are adapted to pollination by sunbirds. Thomas J. These may be similar to one another or different, usually with the upper larger. The styles of the pistil are often distinctive; in the Iris they look like a third set of petals and the stamens are hidden underneath-this is well worth looking at!
The plants thus survive periods that are unfavourable for growth by retreating underground.
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|One key difference is that the leaves of the Irises all lay together at the base of the plant in a flat plane.
Video: South african iridaceae family characteristics The Royal Family In South Africa (1947)
Flowers stalked, regular, short-lived, variously coloured, each subtended by a single bract, usually with free tepals; style deeply lobed, with branches often elaborate, petal-like; floral nectaries on tepals. Only four of the subfamilies are represented in southern Africa. Botany in a Day. The species vary greatly in their ease of cultivation and in their cultivation requirements.
It exhibits its largest family in southern Africa in terms of numbers . More information on primitive and advanced characters in Lapeirousia is. Iridaceae: Iris Family Plant Identification Characteristics.
Iridaceae Plants of Crocosmia is native to grasslands of southern and eastern Africa.
Our crocosmia is. Iris Family.
There are about species in this family, which occur in both tropical and temperate regions, but particularly around the Mediterranean, in South Africa and Central America. Characteristics of this Plant Family: Leaves, Stem.
The flowers are radially or bilaterally symmetrical with six tepals petals.
Looking for life-changing resources? Well-known as horticulturally important plants, including ornamentals and cut flowers. It is easily recognised by bearing flowers in a spike-like inflorescence sometimes solitarywith the tepals joined into a short or long tube.
The ovary is positioned inferior and consists of 3 united carpels with the partition walls usually present, forming an equal number of chambers. In some species there is no such end and the plant only provides pollen to pollinating insects.
The family name is based on the genus Iristhe largest and best known genus in Europe.
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|Most species have separate petals and the rootstock is usually a rhizome, or rarely a bulb.
Fewer species occur in savanna or the semi-arid central karoo, and very few in forest. Retrieved Photographed in New Zealand. Key Words: "Lily-like flowers with leaves in a flat plane.